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The Transgenerational Legacy of Totalitarian Regimes: System and Ecology of Trauma
Date posted: 04/16/2021
Topic: International and Global
This blog piece introduces ground concepts aiming to overcome fragmentation in individual, collective, and transgenerational trauma studies.
Human Rights and Policy: Improving Responses to Mental Health Crises: A Brief Review and Next Steps
StressPoints
Date posted: 04/1/2021
Topic: International and Global
The last year has seen increased publicity regarding how to improve community responses, especially to mental health crises, by law enforcement. Historically, law enforcement officers have been the primary responders to mental health crises (Kisley et al., 2010), and research within the United States suggests that one in ten individuals with mental illness encounter police prior to receiving mental health care (Livingston, 2016). Furthermore, as many as 20% of police calls involve individuals with mental illness (Livingston, 2016). The Treatment Advocacy Center (2015) reported that 25% of deaths from police shootings involve individuals with mental illness, and 20% of police officers’ time is spent responding to mental health crises. Since 2015, over 1,400 individuals with mental illness have been fatally shot by police, according to the Washington Post (Washington Post, n.d.). Over the last 30 years, several approaches have been developed and used worldwide to improve community response to psychiatric crises.
Clinician's Corner: The Assessment and Treatment of PTSD in South Africa: ‎ A Move Towards Effectiveness
StressPoints
Date posted: 01/28/2021
Topic: International and Global
Over the last few decades, several trauma-focused psychotherapies have accrued substantial evidence to effectively treat posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Further development in the field of traumatic stress research has been the evaluation of empirically supported treatments (ESTs) such as prolonged exposure therapy (PE) and cognitive processing therapy (CPT), among others, in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) (see Kaysen et al. 2020; Rossouw et al., 2020). Yet even with the availability of several efficacious trauma therapies for PTSD, the uptake and implementation of these treatments remain relatively sparse in LMICs such as South Africa. 
Global Perspectives: The Global Collaboration on Traumatic Stress
Date posted: 01/28/2021
Topic: International and Global
The Global Collaboration on Traumatic Stress (GC-TS) is a rapidly growing collaborative of traumatic stress societies from all over the world, with professionals committed to promoting globally significant traumatic stress related activities that are best performed by means of international collaboration. The GC-TS covers a wide range of themes and projects, including research projects and activities relevant for practitioners.
Global Perspectives: Cultural Evolution, Diagnosis and Treatment of PTSD in Rwanda
StressPoints
Date posted: 11/24/2020
Topic: International and Global
Twenty-six years have passed since the genocide against the Tutsi people, a devastating traumatic experience for the Rwandan population in East Africa. Before the genocide, PTSD was not known in Rwanda. This was likely due to a shortage of professionals in the mental health domain and a different conceptualization of mental health. However, the genocide impacted Rwandans’ mental health due to experiencing and witnessing a range of horrors. Approximately 1 million people were killed, 250,000 women were raped, millions of Rwandans were displaced and 94% of people experienced at least one genocide event (Binagwaho et al. 2014). As a result, approximately 30% of the population was estimated to meet PTSD criteria 18 or 25 years after the genocide (Munyandamutsa et al, 2012, Mutuyimana et al. 2019).
ISTSS Global Travel Award Campaign Reaches Goal!
Date posted: 09/21/2020
Topic: International and Global
ISTSS celebrates the completion of its ambitious $100,000 Global Travel Award Campaign! Led by the vision and generosity of two ISTSS members who initiated the campaign with leadership gifts, the ISTSS Board then launched a $20,000 matching gift campaign and, with the support of the wider ISTSS community and $10,000 that ISTSS received from the estate of Ellen Frey Wouters, successfully reached its milestone of $100,000.
Understanding Economic Impacts of Policies that Further Traumatize Immigrant Children
Date posted: 08/13/2020
Topic: International and Global
Approximately 33 million children migrate from one country to another each year and an estimated 17 million of whom were displaced due to conflict and violence (UNICEF, 2020). In the United States (U.S.), media attention has focused primarily on the tens of thousands of children migrating from Central America. Child migration across the southern border of the U.S. is not a recent phenomenon, but many recent policy changes and executive orders may have lasting impacts on our system of immigration and the children caught in the middle. To assess the potential economic impact of recent immigration policy changes, we conducted a pilot study through a collaboration through the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) with investigators from the University of Maryland, Boston College, and Duke University. 
Using Latent Class Analysis to Support ICD-11 Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Diagnosis in a Sample of Homeless Adults
Date posted: 06/26/2020
Topic: International and Global
Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (CPTSD) is a new diagnosis that recognises that different types of traumatic experiences can impact individuals in ways that the more established diagnosis of PTSD does not capture (World Health Organization, 2018: WHO). The distinction might best be conveyed by considering the way an individual could internalise the experience of surviving a serious car accident, or terrorist attack, with the way another individual internalises repetitive childhood sexual abuse. We investigated the CPTSD model with a group of people who have experienced homelessness and trauma in Australia.
Death Notification, Grief, and Posttraumatic Stress: Implications for COVID-19 Deaths
Date posted: 04/20/2020
Topic: International and Global
Human Remains, Grief, and Posttraumatic Stress in Bereaved Family Members Fourteen Years after September 11, 2001, a forthcoming manuscript in the Journal of Traumatic Stress describes the mental health effects on 9/11-bereaved family members after being notified (often multiple times) that remains of their loved ones were identified. The recent, novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak presents new and different challenges associated with death notification.
ISTSS 2019: Reflections from A Global Travel Award Recipient Psychology and Boston: Sparking a New Flame
Date posted: 04/21/2020
Topic: International and Global
This past November, I had a unique opportunity of presenting my abstract at the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ISTSS) 35th Annual Meeting in Boston, Massachusetts in the United States. The conference theme was “Trauma, Recovery, and Resilience: Charting a Course Forward.” My abstract was titled “Validation of the Screen for Children Anxiety and Related Emotional Disorders-Revised Version (SCARED-R) for Use in Rwanda.”
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