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Trauma Research Methods

Trauma researchers use state-of-the-art quantitative and qualitative research methods to understand human responses to trauma and extreme stress, and to develop and evaluate prevention and intervention programs to ameliorate the consequences of trauma.

This page gathers links to articles on trauma research methods from:

  • ISTSS eNewsletter, StressPoints  
  • Special sections of the Journal of Traumatic Stress

Research Methods Articles from StressPoints

Select research methods articles from ISTSS' members-only eNewsletter, StressPoints, are available to the public in the in the Assessment and Psychometrics section of the ISTSS Trauma Blog.

Journal of Traumatic Stress: Special articles from the Conference on Innovations in Trauma Research Methods

The Conference on Innovations in Trauma Research Methods (CITRM), initiated by the ISTSS Research Methodology SIG, and funded by the US National Institutes of Mental Health, was held for five consecutive years (2004 through 2008). Among the enduring products of these meetings were several special sections of the Journal of Traumatic Stress:

  • Journal of Traumatic Stress, December 2009
    Special Section: Innovations in Trauma Research Methods, 2008
    Volume 22, Issue 6, Pages 593-633.
    • Innovations in trauma research methods, 2008 -  Sonis, Lauterbach, Palmieri, King & King
    • Overview of research addressing ethical dimensions of participation in traumatic stress studies: Autonomy and beneficence - Newman & Kaloupek
    • Enhancing clinical trial design of interventions for posttraumatic stress disorder - Leon & Davis
    • The application of mixed methods designs to trauma research - Creswell & Zhang
    • Multilevel regression analyses to investigate the relationship between two variables over time: Examining the longitudinal association between intrusion and avoidance - Suvak, Walling, Iverson, Taft & Resick
    • Improving models, methods, and measures: Contributions of CITRM to the field of psychological trauma - Keane
  • Journal of Traumatic Stress, October 2008
    Special Section: Innovations in Trauma Research Methods, 2007
    Volume 21, Issue 5, Pages 431-454.
    • Innovations in Trauma Research Methods, 2007 - Sonis, Palmieri, Lauterbach, King & King
    • Noninferiority and equivalence designs: Issues and implications for mental health research - Greene, Morland, Durkalski & Frueh
    • Statistical and methodological issues in the analysis of complex sample survey data: Practical guidance for trauma researchers - West
    • Poisson regression for modeling count and frequency outcomes in trauma research - Gagnon, Doron-LaMarca, Bell, O'Farrell & Taft
  • Journal of Traumatic Stress, October 2007
    Special Section: Innovations in Trauma Research Methods, 2006
    Volume 20, Issue 5, Pages 775-820.
    • Innovations in trauma research methods, 2006 - Sonis, King, King, Lauterbach & Palmieri
    • The rocks and hard places in psychotherapy outcome research - Schnurr
    • Considerations in treatment integrity: Implications and recommendations for PTSD research - Barber, Triffleman & Marmar
    • Assessment and control of confounding in trauma research - Kurth & Sonis
  • Journal of Traumatic Stress, December 2006
    Special Section: Innovations in Trauma Research Methods, 2005
    Volume 19, Issue 6, Pages 755-797.
    • Introduction to the special section - Sonis, Triffleman, King & King
    • Maximizing follow-up in longitudinal studies of traumatized populations - Scott, Sonis, Creamer & Dennis
    • Latent difference score approach to longitudinal trauma research  - King, King, McArdle, Saxe, Doron-LaMarca & Orazem
    • A guide to economic evaluation: Methods for cost-effectiveness analysis of person-level data  -  Hoch & Smith
  • Journal of Traumatic Stress, April 2006
    Special Section: Innovations in Trauma Research Methods, 2004
    Volume 19, Issue 2, Pages 169-215.
    • Introduction to the special section - Sonis, Triffleman, King & King
    • Disaster research methods: Past progress and future directions -  Norris
    • Web-based methods in terrorism and disaster research - Schlenger & Silver
    • Measuring and modeling the social and geographic context of trauma: A multilevel modeling approach - Kawachi & Subramanian
    • Characterizing time in longitudinal trauma research - King, King, McArdle, Grimm, Jones & Ollendick