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Home 9 Clinical Resources 9 Child/Adolescent Trauma Assessments 9 Child and Adolescent Trauma Screen 9 Childhood Attachment and Relational Trauma Screen

Childhood Attachment and Relational Trauma Screen

Global Collaboration on Traumatic Stress

The Childhood Attachment and Relational Trauma Screen (CARTS) project is one the projects conducted by ISTSS in collaboration with other traumatic stress societies worldwide as part the Global Collaboration on Traumatic Stress.

Learn more about CARTS.


The CARTS is a "computer-based self-report measure designed to assess overt instances of childhood maltreatment, as well as the general warmth, security and supportiveness of individuals within the respondents’ family and external environment" (Simonelli et al., 2017). It is a computerized survey of individuals’ recollections of the quality of their relationships with their family members during childhood, and of relational traumatic experiences occurring during childhood (Frewen et al., 2013, 2015).

Project group

PI: Paul Frewen, PhD, C.Psych, Western University, Canada, e-mail: pfrewen-AT-gmail.com
Project group: Dean Ajdukovic, Anne Bakker, Doug Brewer, Marylene Cloitre, Grete Dyb, Paul Frewen, Juli Lanza, Brigitte Lueger Schuester, Gladys Mwiti, Misari Oe, Miranda Olff, Janaina Pinto, Rita Rosner, Carolina Salgado, Ingo Schaefer, Julia Schellong, Ueli Schnyder, Jun Shigemura, Kitty Wu.


Frewen,¬†P. A.,¬†Evans,¬†B.,¬†Goodman,¬†J.,¬†Halliday,¬†A.,¬†Boylan,¬†J.,¬†Moran,¬†G., ‚Ķ¬†Lanius,¬†R. A.¬†(2013).¬†Development of a childhood attachment and relational trauma screen (CARTS): Arelational-socioecological framework for surveying attachment security and childhood trauma history.¬†European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 4,¬†1‚Äď17. doi:10.3402/ejpt.v4i0.20232
Frewen, P. A., Brown, M. F. D., De Pierro, J., D’Andrea, W., & Schore, A. (2015). Assessing the family dynamics of childhood maltreatment history with the childhood attachment and relational trauma screen (CARTS). European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 6(1), doi:  10.3402/ejpt.v6.27792.

Simonelli, A., Sacchi, C., Cantoni, L., Brown, M., & Frewen, P. A. (2017). Italian translation and cross-cultural comparison with the Childhood Attachment and Relational Trauma Screen (CARTS). European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 8(1). doi: 10.1080/20008198.2017.1375839