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With more than 56 million orphans, sub-Saharan Africa is the most affected region worldwide regarding the number of orphans needing care (UNICEF, 2014). An orphan is hereby defined as a child under the age of 18, who lost one or both parents due to death from any cause (UNICEF, 2006). As a result of poverty, political conflicts, and the HIV/AIDS pandemic, the traditional system of care within extended families is overburdened by the rising numbers of orphans (Better Care Network, 2015; Li et al., 2008). Thus, childcare institutions still constitute the most frequently utilized form of providing formal alternative care for children without parents (McCall & Groark, 2015; Rygaard, 2010).

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