Reactions to Research Participation Questionnaires for Children and Parents
These instruments assess the effect of clinical research studies on child and parent participants. They are short questionnaires that may be used as a basis for the ethical conduct of research.
Available Only to ISTSS Members
This resource should be used in an ethical and responsible manner and should be used only for the purpose(s) for which it has demonstrable validity. Please observe copyright where indicated and reference it appropriately.
RRPQ (both C and P Versions)
Nancy Kassam-Adams and Elana Newman
Center for Injury Research & Prevention
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
2716 South Street, 13th floor
Philadelphia, PA 19146
The Reactions to Research Participation Questionnaire for Children (RRPQ-C) and the Reactions to Research Participation Questionnaire for Parents (RRPQ-P) are 12-item measures designed to provide an empirically informed method for assessing participants' responses to research participation. This might include assessing the risk-benefit balance for participants and improving research methods for work with young children and their parents.
The questionnaires assess four content areas: the individual's positive appraisals of research participation, negative appraisals of research participation, assessment of informed consent and trust in the research team and understanding of his/her rights as a research participant.
The questionnaires have been administered verbally at the end of an assessment interview or as a pen and paper task. They do not require any specialist training to administer and are fully self explanatory checklists.
The child measure uses a three-point scale (no, maybe, yes) to be appropriate for younger school-aged children and the parent measures use a five-point scale (strongly disagree to strongly agree). The four content areas are represented in four factors (Kassam-Adams & Newman, 2002). Kassam-Adams & Newman (2005) divided questions in to two factors; 'positive appraisal' and 'trust/Information'. Scoring details for these are available in the papers.
Internal consistency coefficients for this measure are modest as it is not measuring a unitary construct with Cronbachs alpha of .62-.69 (child) and .78-.80 in parents. The two factors; 'positive appraisal' and 'trust/Information' also have adequate internal consistency of .63 a =.63 for child and .63 for parent Positive Appraisal score and a =.75 for child and .88 for parent Trust/Information score). Exploratory factor analyses have provided evidence that the RRPQ-C and RRPQ-P each cover the intended four content areas.
Test-retest reliability has not yet been ascertained. As yet, no boundaries have been suggested with reference to distress reactions measured by this screening tool, and there are few other measures with which to compare the results.
Kassam-Adams, N., & Newman, E. (2002). The reactions to research participation questionnaires for children and for parents (RRPQ-C and RRPQ-P). General Hospital Psychiatry, 24, 336-342.
Kassam-Adams, N., & Newman, E. (2005). Child and parent reactions to participation in clinical research. General Hospital Psychiatry, 27, 29- 35.
Contact author for further information, Nancy Kassam-Adams, PhD.
There is no manual for this resource. Questionnaires are self-explanatory.