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Trauma and Diversity: Housing Insecurity and Trauma Exposure among Veterans: Understanding Health and ‎Functional Impact from an Intersectional Lens
StressPoints
Date posted: 09/30/2021
Topic: Diversity and Multicultural Issues
Addressing the psychosocial impact of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and housing insecurity remain top priorities within the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). Indeed, the VA has made substantial gains in addressing these factors. For example, from 2010 to 2016, rates of veteran homelessness reduced by 47% (Department of Housing and Urban Development & VA, 2021). Moreover, the VA has widely disseminated a number of effective, evidence-based treatments for PTSD, including cognitive processing and prolonged exposure therapies (Karlin et al., 2010).
President's Message
Date posted: 07/29/2021
Topic: Diversity and Multicultural Issues
I hope everyone is spending as nice a summer as you can despite the ongoing health crisis. I would like to take this opportunity to remind everyone of the importance of having a diverse organization and to share a few steps that ISTSS has taken toward diversifying our membership in support of Strategic Goal 2 (“ISTSS promotes professional, demographic, cultural and geographic diversity and inclusivity among our membership”). As someone born in France from Vietnamese refugee parents, who has lived 10 years in the U.S., and who happens to think (and sometimes dream) in four different languages, I deeply value diversity, not only to promote inclusivity and tolerance, but also as a central tenet of scientific excellence. However, despite all this, I found myself struggling greatly when writing this column on diversity, as this brings up conflicting feelings in me.
Trauma and Diversity: Race-Based Stress for Black People: Impacts and Treatment Directions
StressPoints
Date posted: 05/27/2021
Topic: Diversity and Multicultural Issues
Race-based stress is the psychological distress linked to experiencing racism or a racial discriminatory act (Plummer & Slane,1996). Carter et al. (2013) linked race-based stress “to a person’s emotional and psychological reactions and its subsequent mental health effect” (p.1). Specific emotional responses from race-based stress involve a myriad of outcomes, including “fear, tension, anxiety, depression, sadness, anger, aggression, resolve to overcome barriers, social cohesion, and use of the situation as a source of strength” (Carter, 2007, p.77).
Trauma and Diversity: Justice, Equity, Diversity and Inclusion (JEDI) Principles Operationalized through the Trauma-Informed ‎Care (TIC) Framework
StressPoints
Date posted: 04/1/2021
Topic: Diversity and Multicultural Issues
The past year has been one of loss and upheaval for millions of people, particularly for people who are Black, Indigenous and people of color (BIPOC). The syndemics of racism and COVID-19, one chronic and the other acute, have left a trail of trauma, grief and stress that will likely have long-term mental and physical health effects across generations.
Announcing the Awardees for the Inaugural Journal of Traumatic Stress ‎Editorial Fellowship for Underrepresented Scholars
Date posted: 01/28/2021
Topic: Diversity and Multicultural Issues
To reach the goals of achieving real and lasting change that will effectively redress institutional racism and its adverse effects on science and practice calls for more than issuing statements of support; it calls for action. To this end, this year I initiated the Journal of Traumatic Stress Editorial Fellowship for Underrepresented Scholars to pave a pathway toward leadership positions in scholarly publishing for diverse emerging scholars in the field of traumatic stress studies.
SIG Spotlight: Moral injury and Systemic Betrayal in the United States ‎
StressPoints
Date posted: 01/28/2021
Topic: Diversity and Multicultural Issues
As the world enters the second calendar year of the coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic, the United States (U.S.) faces another ongoing national issue – racism, marginalization and oppression of Black, Indigenous and People of Color (BIPOC). While the pandemic is brand new, the issue of oppression is older than the country. Although incomparable, they share similar psychological sequelae including depression, anxiety, substance misuse and posttraumatic stress (e.g., Salari et al., 2020; Williams, Printz, & DeLapp, 2018).
Trauma and Diversity: The Bidirectionality of Trauma and Social Determinants of Health: A Call for Enhanced ‎Conceptualization of Intersectionality
StressPoints
Date posted: 01/28/2021
Topic: Diversity and Multicultural Issues

Editor’s note: For more information on this topic, see ISTSS’ free webinar recording, Trauma from an Intersectional Perspective, and scroll down for additional resources from the presenters.

A burgeoning body of trauma research has emerged over the past few decades. In particular, we as a field have developed an understanding of the sequelae of trauma exposure, including medical (e.g., cardiovascular health) and mental health (e.g., posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD], depression) multimorbidity (Breslau, 2009; Schnurr et al., 2007). Furthermore, several evidence-based treatments have been established, facilitating recovery among trauma survivors (Beck & Sloan, 2020).

Biological Perspectives: Racism-Based Stress, Chronic Inflammation and Health Outcomes
StressPoints
Date posted: 11/24/2020
Topic: Diversity and Multicultural Issues
Studies of racial differences within diagnostic groups have started to explicitly suggest that race itself is not a risk factor but, instead, may merely serve as a proxy measure of environmental stress in the form of racism (Williams & Ovbiagele, 2020). Unsurprisingly, this stress in the form of racial discrimination is strongly associated with the chronic inflammation implicated in the development and advancement of stress-related diseases (Cuevas et al., 2020). 
Trauma and Diversity: Responding to Violence in Places of Worship through a Trauma-Informed Lens
StressPoints
Date posted: 11/24/2020
Topic: Diversity and Multicultural Issues
Violence in religious spaces, unfortunately, seems increasingly frequent, both nationally and internationally. A 2018 New York Times article described some of the deadliest mass shootings in U.S. houses of worship over the past few years. Although these incidents occur less often than other types of traumatic events, their impact is pervasive and detrimental. Existing knowledge of best practices for coping with mass disasters and trauma provides insight for religious communities about how to respond to such tragedies, although specific cultural contexts should be considered.
How Patterns of Victimization Among LGBTQ Individuals Impact Mental and Physical Health
Date posted: 08/22/2020
Topic: Diversity and Multicultural Issues
This study explored different patterns of victimization among LGBTQ individuals and the relationship to mental and physical health outcomes. Findings suggested polyvictimization was an important risk factor and that there is a diversity among LGBTQ individuals with regard to victimization classes and across different gender identities.  
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